Chess lesson # 9: Chess notation – learn how to record your Chess games, read books and communicate

Check out my Chessable course “Counterblow: A Complete Fighting Repertoire for Beginners” here

Chess 4 All: Chess notation allows you to record your own games, read Chess books and communicate like a professional by using coordinates and the right Chess terminology. In this video, NM Robert Ramirez continues to teach the essential tools you will need to take your Chess skills to the next level. Have fun!

How to read Chess books?
How to record your Chess games?
What are Chess notations?

R: rook
B: bishop
Q: queen
K: king
N: knight
0-0: castle kingside
0-0-0: castle queenside
x: capture
+: check
#: checkmate
=: promotion
!: good move
?: bad move

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My Book Recommendations:
First tactics book:
Mixed tactics book:
Advanced tactics book:
Advanced tactics book (II):
Carlsen’s book (excellent):
Kramnik’s book (excellent):
Pirc Defense book:
Endgames book:

Learn how to play Chess the right way from beginner to master level. National Master Robert Ramirez will take you up the pyramid by following a proven Chess training program he has been improving and implementing for over 10 years.

Benefits of Playing Chess:
​- Promotes brain growth
– Increases problem-solving skills
– It exercises both sides of the brain
– Raises your IQ
– Sparks your creativity
– Teaches planning and foresight
– Teaches patience and concentration
– Optimizes memory improvement
– Improves recovery from stroke or disability
– Helps treat ADHD

Chess is an intellectual battle where players are exposed to numerous mental processes such as analysis, attention to detail, synthesis, concentration, planning and foresight. Psychological factors are also present on and off the board; playing Chess stimulates our imagination and creativity. Every single move a player makes is the result of a deep analysis based on the elements presented on the battle field.

Chess in its essence teaches us psychological, sociological and even moral values. In a Chess game, both players start with the same amount of material and time. The fact that the white pieces move first is considered to be practically irrelevant —especially because a player typically plays one game as white and one game as black. Consequently, the final result of the battle solely depends on each player. It doesn’t matter if you win by taking advantage of your opponent’s mistakes or by simply avoiding mistakes yourself. Truth is that Chess is an extremely individual sport and our defeats can only be blamed on ourselves and no one else. And this, in the end, only benefits us because we learn to be and feel responsible for our actions and never come up with excuses to justify ourselves.

We also learn that when it comes to our victories on the board, our opponent’s mistakes play a more significant role than our own skills. Let’s not forget that a Chess game without any mistakes would be a draw. This way, Chess provides us with another valuable life lesson: be humble at all times.

About National Master Robert Ramirez:

With an outstanding background as a professional Chess player and over 8 years of teaching experience, Robert Ramirez brings both his passion and his expertise to the board, helping you believe & achieve!

Robert Ramirez was introduced to the fascinating world of Chess when he was 5 years old and has participated in prestigious tournaments such as the World Open Chess Tournament and the Pan American Intercollegiate Team Championships. Thanks to his performance, he has earned his National Master title from the United States Chess Federation.

Currently, NM Ramirez and his carefully selected team teach at several private schools in the counties of Miami-Dade and Broward and they also offers private lessons. He says the key to their success as Chess coaches is their ability to adapt to every student and to make lessons fun and interesting for students and even their family members.


  1. Sir I just wanted to ask how do I remember so many traps, gambits, openings and endgames in this course

  2. Great video. I've always struggled with the algebraic notation since i'm used to the older version. Is there a special symbol for a draw or when your opponent resigns? My apologies if asked earlier, like a hanging Queen I must have missed it.

  3. Hi, Robert. Thank you for the awesome lessons and for making it all FREE!! You're awesome and a great teacher. I did have one question about rook notation. If the 2 rooks are on the same rank and one moves, specify the file that the rook was on, like your example: Rad8 as opposed to Rfd8. That makes perfect sense!! But what if the 2 rooks are on the same file, like on d3 and d6 for example, and one of them wants to move to a square in between them, like d5? Simply saying "Rd5" could mean either. Thanks again for the great content and the effort you put into it!! Have a good one! 🙂

  4. You could also add "ep" after an en passant capture. It's more quickly recognized as such, especially for newbies.

  5. Hi Robert. I know the chess basics and some of the opening theory but I never got a chance to practice chess notations. How do you recommend to practice this? How do we get good to just say we made this move without seeing the rank or the file in the chess board?

  6. 👍🏾👍🏿👍🏽👍🏼👍🏻👍⛰️🏔️🏕️🏕️⛱️🏖️🏖️🛏️🏝️🏙️

  7. Lesson 9 was the hardest so far haha. I appreciate the classes.

  8. What if two rooks (or two knights) that are on the same row can take the same piece? Say one rook is at a1 and the other is at a8. Raxa4 could be either. Would you have to say Ra1xa4?

  9. Sir please tell the app you are using in this video

  10. En Passant should be pronounced……."On Passon"

  11. EXCELLENT – BEST EXPLANATION on Chess Notations. Thank You, Mahalo, Domo Arigato, Gracias, Danka, Merci, TaLofa

  12. Chess notation 101. Very good. I'm going to say the notation out loud for every move in my chess games.

  13. thank you so much sir for making this awesome series

  14. Is there any trick to thinking about the coordinates when you play as black? Everything is reversed from that side and it sometimes takes a couple of seconds for me to figure out the correct letter/number.

  15. This is seriously the best chess lesson ever! I doubt anyone can ever put a better chess lesson on Youtube in the history of the Earth!

  16. I have one question: If we have lets say Ra1 and Ra8 and we want to move the first one to a5, do we write R1a5?

  17. Thank you for this Series Robert — Fantastic!!

  18. Awesome explanation. Thank you sir!

  19. 10:34 both Rook at a1 and Rook at a8 can move to a5 so how can we write to know which rook moved?

  20. x = capture. So, the chess player is always in the jail

  21. Another day, another lesson. Thank you for the videos ✌️

  22. You did miss one detail that was implied, but not explicitly stated. The notation is always written from white's perspective, not black's perspective. For instance, black's pawns all start on the 7th rank (from white's perspective), not the 2nd rank…

  23. Explanation was good but I can't remember what square is that ;-(
    Can you Give me A tip For It 👍

  24. Which chess books do you recommend for beginners?

  25. What if two rooks are in the same file let's say in a , then how do you discern which rook we are moving

  26. How can i different between enpassant and simple pawn capture because the notation are same.

  27. One additional thing to mention. bxc3 is different than Bxc3. First denotes pawn capturing, second denotes Bishop capturing on c3. Files will always be denoted with lower case to avoid this confusion.

  28. Awesome classes thanks a lot!!! Its amazing that you are giving all of these for free

    Question, how do you note down a Draw? Thanks a lot, mate

  29. Thank you so much for these videos. Im just getting into chess and your content are helping a lot. Regards from Brazil .

  30. Great video. I have one additional question: if two Rooks or knights are on the same file (not rank) and if one of those move to the square on which both can move, do we write down the number as well? for instance, can there be R3a6 (in this case, let's say that both rooks are on the 'a' file)?

  31. Suddenly it all makes sense! Bookmarking this video for study again…

  32. How do top player like know the position of all square in chess game in short of time. I mean, i need to think about 3-5 second for counting the square notation

  33. I understood everything but I just cant understand the point of notation! like why do we need to notate??????

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